Growing your own nutritious vegetable in your kitchen garden or backyard is one of the most satisfying and relishing activities. There are many vegetables that do not require a ton of work and you can easily reap the benefits of planting in a few days. We have jotted a list of vegetables to grow in your kitchen garden.
Before going forward, check out the first part of the blog to know the basic steps to create your small organic kitchen garden.
List of Vegetables to Grow in Your Kitchen Garden
Carrots are a long-lasting root vegetable that can be grown in many climates. They are an important nutritional vegetable packed with carotene and fiber. The best season to grow carrots is spring and fall. Carrots may take two to four months to mature depending on the local growing conditions.
Soil Tips: Sandy or loamy soil is best to grow carrots. Ensure no rocks, soil clumps or stones impede the growth of your carrots.
How to Plant Carrots
- Choose an area that is full of sunlight. Remember, carrots can’t even tolerate partial shade.
- Sow the seeds 3 to 5 weeks before the spring date in rows that are spaced 12 to 18 inches apart. Ensure you sow one-fourth inch deep.
- Don’t compress the soil on the top of the seeds as this may cause germination. Instead, cover it with a layer of fine compost.
- Do frequent shallow watering to keep the soil moist.
Note: Use a fertilizer that is low in nitrogen and high in potassium 5 to 6 weeks after sowing.
Tomatoes are packed with iron, magnesium, potassium, fiber, and vitamins that are good for the body. Since tomatoes are sun lovers the best season to grow them is summer until April or May. You can even grow tomatoes in plastic containers or pots. The size of the container depends on the variety of tomato you are growing. There are three types of tomato varieties:
- Determinate Variety: They grow to a pre-determined height and are a good option for sauce making or canning. A 12-inch deep container is perfect for growing this type of tomato variety.
- Patio Variety: In this one tomato grows in one pot. The ideal depth of the pot to grow this type of tomato is 8-inch.
- Indeterminate Variety: The height of this variety of tomatoes keeps on increasing throughout the season. It is an ideal choice if you want to spread the harvest for a longer period of time. A 18-inch deep container is perfect for growing this type of tomato variety.
Soil Tips: Though tomatoes can be grown in different types of soil, but the soil needs to be well-drained. However, slightly acidic soil with a pH of 6.2 to 6.8 is ideal for growing tomatoes.
How to Plant Tomatoes
- Atleast six hours of daily sunlight is required for the growing tomatoes so choose an area where plenty of sunlight falls.
- Two weeks before planting tomatoes, you need to prepare the soil. For this, dig 1 foot deep into the soil and pour a mix of manure or compost.
- Place the tomato cages in the soil while planting to avoid future root damage. Cages will help the stem to be straight and upright.
- Place the tomato transplants 2 to 4 feet apart from each other.
- Make sure you water the tomato transplants on a daily basis.
Cabbage is an antioxidant and nutrient-rich vegetable that can be a delight to your kitchen garden. It is known for its impressive health benefits like reducing cholesterol levels, lowering blood pressure, keeping heart healthy and improving digestion. The best season to plant cabbage is in spring and fall. Cabbage ranks the list of vegetables to grow in your kitchen garden.
Soil Tips: The soil should be well-drained and contain a good amount of compost as cabbage quickly depletes the soil of the essential nutrients.
How to Plant Cabbage
- Prepare the soil and sow the seeds ¼-inch deep into the soil.
- Ensure the seedlings are 12-24 inches apart from each other in rows. The closer you plant, the smaller the size of the cabbage.
- Keep watering the plant at regular intervals to ensure it doesn’t dry out in the summer heat.
This is one of the best vegetables to grow in your kitchen garden. Apart from the delicious taste, this green vegetable is packed with iron, phosphorous, fiber and manganese. Summer is the best season to grow peas.
Soil Tips: Soil with normal fertility is best to grow beans. Most importantly, they do not require any supplemental fertilizer as they can fix their own nitrogen.
How to Plant Beans
- Sow bean seeds one-inch deep into soil and two-inches apart from each other in rows.
- You can use long and straight bamboo poles or branches to support the plant.
- Water the plant on a daily basis for proper flowering.
5. Bell Peppers
One of the most popular vegetables to grow in your kitchen garden is Bell pepper. It is a warm-season crop, perfect for adding colours to your kitchen garden. Apart from being full of nutrients, bell peppers deliver a low-calorie and delight crunch with every bite. The best time to grow peppers is in summers.
Soil Tips: A soil consistency between loamy and sandy will be perfect for growing bell peppers. The pH should be slightly acidic, maybe from 5.5 to 6.5. Ensure the soil is rich in organic matter and well-drained.
How to Plant Bell Peppers
- First, sow the seeds indoors in a container. Sow them about ¼ inch deep.
- After a few days, sow the transplant deeper into the soil in your kitchen garden.
- Water the plant on a regular basis as peppers are heat sensitive.
Note: Avoid planting peppers near tomatoes, potatoes or eggplants as they can expose pepper to insects and pests.
Let’s Wrap it Up!
Imagine the happiness of pulling a sweet carrot from garden minutes before it is eaten or plucking a perfectly ripe juicy tomato that has the warmth of the sun. Isn’t it amazing? You can feel this joy and satisfaction by growing these vegetables in your kitchen garden. A little hardwork, patience, and care will not only give you fresh organic vegetables but also a sense of contentment. This list of vegetables to grow in your kitchen garden will surely keep you happy and busy in this quarantine mode.
Aditi is a passionate blogger and content marketer who loves to pen down her thoughts and experiences. With more than 3 years of experience in content, she can write about vivid domains including entertainment, health, fashion, food, lifestyle, technology, travel. She is also a tech-savvy girl who loves to explore new technologies including Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, IoT, Big Data, and ERP.